Cotgrave All Saints

Archaeology

Significant Features

Earliest core fabric C12th (chancel arch with waterleaf capitals)

Body of nave C13th, widened from C12th predecessor

Clerestory and Spire C15th

Restoration of 1877-8 included much work to fenestration

Fire in 1996 resulted in destruction of much of interior and tower timberwork. All major roofs and timbers renewed 1997/8. Nave roof recorded (County SMR) 1997 by John Cunnington, Architect, Matlock, Derbyshire.

Timbers and roofs

  Nave Chancel Tower
Main Was 1878 destroyed now 1997 Renewed 1997 Timbers renewed 1997
S.Aisle 1997 n/a n/a
N.Aisle 1997 n/a n/a
Other principal All timber fittings 1997/8 All timber fittings 1997/8 All renewed 1997
Other timbers n/a n/a n/a

Bellframe

Cast-iron ‘H’ frame, Pickford Group 8.3, probably 1906 by Taylors of Loughborough. Remodelled in 1984 to accommodate two further bells (6 to 8)

Scheduled for preservation by recording Grade 4.

Walls

  Nave Chancel Tower
Plaster covering & date All renewed 1997 All renewed 1997 No plaster
Potential for wall paintings Nil Nil Nil

Excavations and potential for survival of below-ground archaeology

Following the fire in 1996, and prior to the commencement of repair works, an archaeological evaluation by the Trent and Peak Archaeological Trust in 1997 (report No. CAS/1104) revealed potential archaeology in the form of possible foundations and floor deposits, both in the nave and in the tower at depths of 300mm and 200mm respectively. The chancel floor, which was raised in the C19th, had no indication of archaeological stratigraphy prior to that date above 350mm (the maximum depth of disturbance).

Earlier foundations beneath the south aisle,The nave and tower floors were subject to a detailed archaeological excavation in conjunction with works of repair during 1997. The foundations of the Norman nave were traced on the south side, and considerable evidence was found for foundations which pre-date the current upstanding fabric. Report by Trent and Peak Archaeological Trust awaited (as of September 1999).

A proposed extension to the north side of the west tower will be the subject of archaeological evaluation in due course.

The overall potential for the survival of below-ground archaeology in the churchyard is considered to be moderate and below the present interior floors (beyond what has already been excavated in 1997) is considered to be high.

Exterior:Primarily ecclesiastical C12th-C20th, mainly human inhumation burials. Some possibility of domestic deposits given the central location of the church within the settlement and its known C12th origins.

Interior:Nave and tower to approx. 350mm known from 1997 archaeological excavations. Early foundations known to exist and stratified later floor levels and related deposits. Similar evidence likely below 350mm in chancel.

Walls:Core fabric C12-C15th. Further evidence of C12th may be evident. Replastered 1997 with no opportunity for archaeological recording (walls undamaged and unaffected by fire).

Plan of the excavations which took place in 1997