Cromwell St Giles


Much of the material used for this entry has been derived from Guy Hemingway’s excellent typescript account A History of Cromwell Village and Church,1972, revised 1976, with further notes 1982. Copies of the different versions can be found in Nottinghamshire Archives, Newark Public Library, and University of Nottingham, Local History Library, as well as in other collections. Hemingway also issued A Short History of Cromwell Village & Church in 1985 (Newark Public Library, L90.2). An engineer by profession, but a life-long, prodigiously active, careful local historian, citing his sources with accuracy and precision, he lived in retirement at his family home The Old Rectory, Cromwell, served as churchwarden from 1967, and died aged 86 in 1986. He left, among much else, a remarkable legacy of local studies of Cromwell and surrounding villages. He drew his material mostly from standard printed sources, with occasional forays into manuscript material in Nottinghamshire Archives and elsewhere, most notably at York. Among sources used to supplement Hemingway, the following can be noted:

Manuscript sources

Cromwell, St Giles

Enclosure award 1773, modern typed copy

Register of Banns, 1823-1994

Registers of Services 1913-16; 1917-20; 1957-78; 1979-1998

Report of Taylors of Loughborough on Bells, typescript 2011

Typescript notes from Parish Register by Hemingway (126pp), with details

from bishops’ transcripts, 1626-41, and from surviving registers from


London, British Library

Add MS, 44777, ff15-22 (Duke of Newcastle writing to Gladstone, October 1832), details kindly supplied by Dr Richard Gaunt

Nottingham, Nottinghamshire Archives

DD 656 Photocopies of Sheffield Libraries, Copley Deeds, including CD 393 (Ralph de Cromwell. 1398), 398 (William Tattershall, 1404), 426 and 427 (dispute with Norwell, 1516)

DD 4P.39/1, will of Sir William Holles, 1542

DD E 24/1 and DD WM 34/7, sale of Newcastle estate in Cromwell 1913

Notes of Charles Fynes, 1792-1809, edited in Hemingway (1976), pp. 181-4

PR 7512, Notes of Henry Fiennes-Clinton, 1872-1907 (edited in Hemingway (1976), pp. 142-65)

PR 1781-4, 7512-14, Parish Registers (also available in Microfiche at Newark Public Library)

PR 7516, Vestry Meeting minutes 1859-1941

Nottingham, University of Nottingham, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections

Archdeaconry of Nottingham Records 1556-1942

AN/M269, 178 Duplicate of books, vestments and vessels 28 Oct. 1731

AN/M269, 403 Inventory of books etc. 3 June 1736

York, Borthwick Institute

Archbishop William Zouche’s register

Printed sources

Abstracts of the Inquisitiones Post Mortem relating to Nottinghamshire, Edward I and Edward II, 1279 to 1321, ed. John Standish, T[horoton] S[ociety], R[ecord] S[eries] iv (1914)

Abstracts of the Inquisitiones Post Mortem relating to Nottinghamshire, 1350-1436, ed. K. S. S. Train, TS, RS xii (1952)

Abstracts of the Inquisitiones Post Mortem relating to Nottinghamshire, 1437-1485, ed. Mary A. Renshaw, TS, RS xvii (1956)

Abstracts of the Inquisitiones Post Mortem relating to Nottinghamshire, Henry VII and Henry VIII, 1485-1546, ed. W. P. W. Phillimore, TS, RS iii (1905)

Cartulary of Dale Abbey, ed. Avrom Saltman, Derbyshire Record Series, ii, London 1966

Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, 62 vols. London 1892-1963

Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland. Papal Letters, 15 vols. London 1893-continuing

Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland. Petitions to the Pope, London 1896

Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, 73 vols. London 1891-1982

[The] Compton Census of 1676: A Critical Edition, ed. Anne Whiteman with Mary Clapinson, London 1986

Memorials of the Holles Family, 1493-1656, by Gervase Holles, ed. A. C. Wood, London 1937

Nonarum Inquisitiones in Curia Scaccarii, temp. Regis Edwardi III (Record Commission 1807)

Nottinghamshire: Extracts from the County Records of the 17th Century, ed. K. T. Meaby [c. 1947]

Nottinghamshire: Extracts from the County Records of the 18th Century, ed. K. T. Meaby [c. 1947]

Phillimore’s Parish Register Series. The Marriage Register of Cromwell 1654-1837

Religion in Victorian Nottinghamshire: The Religious Census of 1851, ed. M. R. Watts, 2 vols. University of Nottingham 1988

[The] Register of William Wickwane, Lord Archbishop of York 1279-1285, ed. William Brown (The Surtees Society, 114 (1907))

[The] Register, or Rolls, of Walter Gray, Lord Archbishop of York with Appendices of Illustrative Documents, ed. James Raine (The Surtees Society, 56 (1870))

[The] Register of Walter Giffard, Lord Archbishop of York, 1266-1279, ed. W. Brown (The Surtees Society, 109 (1904))

[The] Register of John Le Romeyn, Lord Archbishop of York, 1286-1296, Part I, ed. W. Brown (The Surtees Society, 123 (1913))

[The] Registers of John Le Romeyn, Lord Archbishop of York, 1286-1296, Part II, and of Henry of Newark, Lord Archbishop of York, 1296-1299, ed. W. Brown (The Surtees Society, 128 (1916))

[The] Register of Thomas of Corbridge, Lord Archbishop of York, 1300-1304, ed. W. Brown and A. H. Thompson, 2 vols. (The Surtees Society, 138 (1925) and 141 (1928))

[The] Register of William Greenfield, Lord Archbishop of York, 1306-1315, ed. W. Brown and A. H. Thompson , 5 vols. (The Surtees Society, 145, 149, 151-3 (1931-40))

[The] Register of William Melton, Lord Archbishop of York, 1317-1340, ed. Rosalind M. T. Hill, David Robinson, Reginald Brocklesby and T. C. B. Timmins, 5 vols. (The Canterbury and York Society, vols. LXX, LXXI, LXXVI, LXXXV, XCIII), 1977-2002

[The] Register of Thomas Rotherham, Archbishop of York, 1480-1500, ed. E. E. Barker (The Canterbury & York Soc., LIX), 1976

[The] Thurgarton Cartulary, ed. Trevor Foulds, Stamford 1994

Unhappy Reactionary: The Diaries of the Fourth Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne 1822-50, ed. Richard A. Gaunt, Thoroton Soc., Record series 43, 2003

York Clergy Wills, 1520-1600, ed. Claire Cross, 2 vols. York: Borthwick Institute Texts and Calendars 10 and 15, 1984-9

Secondary sources

Beaumont, R. M., Chapter of Southwell Minster, a story of 1000 years, 4th edition, Southwell 1994

Brown, Cornelius, A History of Newark-on-Trent, 2 vols. Newark 1904

Clay, Sir Charles, York Minster Fasti, Yorkshire Arch. Soc., Record series, vols. cxxiii and cxxiv, 1957-8

Craik, Anna, Annals of our Ancestors. Some records and recollections of the families of Fynes-Clinton and Mathews, Eure of Witton, 1924

Dawson, George, The Church Bells of Nottinghamshire, 3 vols. Loughborough 1994-5

Dickinson, William Rastall, History and antiquities of the town of Southwell, London 1819 (reprinted 1996)

Fynes-Clinton, Charles John, Twenty-One Plain Doctrinal and Practical Sermons, London 1842 (privately printed by William Edward Painter, 342 The Strand), 347 pp.

Guilford, E. L., ‘Nottinghamshire in 1676’, Trans. Thoroton Soc., 28 (1924), 106-13

Jennings, Stuart B.,‘These Uncertaine Tymes’. Newark and the Civilian Experience of the Civil Wars 1640-1660, Nottinghamshire County Council 2009

Marchant, R. A, ‘The Restoration of Nottinghamshire Churches 1635-40’, Trans. Thoroton Soc., 65 (1961), 57-93

Thoroton, Robert, The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire, 1677; ed. and enlarged by John Throsby, 3 vols. 1790-6 (reprinted 1972, with introduction by M. W. Barley and K. S. S. Train)

White’s Directory 1864