For this church:
The fabric of this small church reveals a chequered history of dereliction and restoration. Viewed from the south, the style of the stonework indicates that the original building was built in three parts with the earliest at the east end. The mixture of stones and later repairs possibly suggest that the surface used to be rendered.
The wall fabric contains a variety of local building stones. Brown pebbles/boulders of rounded off sandstones, probably were collected in the fields from the boulder clay, carried some distance by glacial/alluvial drift. Orange, crumbling ironstones (Marlstone) are from the Lias, with some stones containing fossils. The Marlstone probably came from beds in the Vale of Belvoir, such as those at Holwell and Upper Broughton. The grey/white flat stones are local, Lower Jurassic, Lias limestone dug out of the bedrock. Inserts include Carboniferous sandstones from the South Derbyshire Coal Measures.
The buttresses are probably Bulwell Golden Stone, a dolomitic or magnesium limestone produced by quarries originally at Bulwell and now at Linby, Notts. The buttress, where the two parts of the chancel join, is keyed-in with a few blocks of Middle Jurassic, Lincolnshire oolitic limestone, which is still quarried at Ancaster and Stamford. The quoins at the south-west corner are sawn blocks of Lincolnshire Limestone, from the major restoration by Harriet Robertson in 1888/9.
The base of the bellcot tower at the west-end is a mixture of handdressed stones including Triassic sandstones probably from the Castle Donington area; Permian magnesium limestone, known as Mansfield White Stone (distinguished by green clay seams); and ironstones. The top of the tower is also Triassic sandstone. Mansfield White is the stone used in Southwell Minster and at the Houses of Parliament.
The north wall appears to replace an earlier collapse. It is built of rubble stones, pebbles and pieces of Lias. Relatively good free stone (Triassic sandstone and ironstone) is used around windows and for quoins. The eastern buttress is Lincolnshire Limestone. The east wall is also rubble stone. The northern buttress is Bulwell Stone keyed-in with Lincolnshire Limestone blocks.